Atlantic cod in the North-East Arctic (ICES subarea 1 and 2), Longlines

Gadus morhua
Content last updated
22 March 2019
Stock
Cod in the North-East Arctic (ICES subareas 1 and 2)
Management
Russia and Norway
Stock Status
1 of 5
Very low risk
Management
2 of 5
Low risk
Bycatch
4 of 5
High risk
Habitat
2 of 5
Low risk

Stock status

1 of 5
Very low risk

Northeast Arctic Cod (ICES Subareas 1 and 2) has been scored a very low risk. This is because the stock is at safe levels and harvested optimally. The spawning stock biomass (SSB) has been above precautionary levels (above Bpa and MSYBtrigger) since 2002. The SSB reached a peak in 2013 and now shows a downward trend. Fishing mortality (F) was reduced from well above Flim (outside safe biological limits) in 1997 to below FMSY in 2008. It remained below FMSY until 2017 when it became equal to FMSY. There has been no strong recruitment since the 2004 and 2005 year classes.

Management

2 of 5
Low risk

Northeast Arctic Cod in ICES Subareas 1 and 2 has been scored a low risk. This is because a scientific stock assessment is carried out annually based both on fishery dependent and independent data and there is management plan for the stock. There is also adequate enforcement of fishery control rules by Norway and Russia regulated by agreement through the Joint Russian–Norwegian Fisheries Commission (JR-NFC). 

Although there has been a reduction in the TAC for 2019 to counter the declining stock biomass, the agreed TAC has been set ~7% higher than that advised in the current precautionary JN-RFC management plan (though this is allowed when the stock biomass is well within precautionary limits). 

It should also be noted that bycatches of golden redfish and Norwegian coastal cod remain above sustainable catch limits in the fisheries targeting NE Arctic cod.

Bycatch

4 of 5
High risk

The bycatch risk of this fishery has been scored a high risk. ICES has identified that by catches of golden redfish which is outside safe biological limits  and Norwegian coastal cod should be minimised and regulatory measures are not sufficient to control catches of these species. The bycatch of non-commercial unregulated species is minor and there are virtually no discards.  Seabird mortality is very low, and no marine mammal mortality was recorded.

Habitat

2 of 5
Low risk

The habitat risk of this fishery has been scored a low risk.  This is because habitat impact is limited and is due mostly to that from anchors, and backbone line moving on the ground at hauling. There is a system of designated marine protected areas, in proximity to which fishery is prohibited and there is adequate enforcement.