Trafficking in Persons (TIP) report
- United States Government
The TIP report reflects the U.S. Government’s commitment to global leadership on human rights and law enforcement issues. The U.S. Government uses the TIP Report to engage foreign governments in dialogues to advance anti-trafficking reforms and to combat trafficking and to target resources on prevention, protection and prosecution programs. Worldwide, the report is used by international organizations, foreign governments, and nongovernmental organizations alike as a tool to examine where resources are most needed. Freeing victims, preventing trafficking, and bringing traffickers to justice are the ultimate goals of the report and of the U.S Government’s anti-human trafficking policy. In the TIP Report, the Department of State places each country onto one of three tiers based on the extent of their governments’ efforts to comply with the “minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking” found in Section 108 of the TVPA.
The 2017 U.S. Department of State 454 page report on human trafficking, the Trafficking in Persons (TIP) report, was published on 27 June 2017. In 2017 the theme is increasing criminal accountability of human traffickers and addressing challenges in prosecution. The TIP report annually measures government eﬀorts across the paradigms of prosecuting traffickers, protecting victims, and preventing the crime.
A Seafish analysis of the TIP 2017 report shows that fish or fishing is mentioned is association with forced labour in 49 countries (51 in 2016). Countries that have been singled out specifically with regards to fishing include Burma (moved from a Tier 3 to Tier 2 Watch), Cambodia, Fiji, Ghana, Indonesia, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Taiwan and Thailand. Countries where fishing has been mentioned as a risk this year (but not in 2016) are Guinea and Uruguay. Equally the records for Iceland, Malaysia and Mauritius no longer mention fishing.
The 2018 U.S. Department of State report on human trafficking, the Trafficking in Persons (TIP) report focuses on effective ways local communities can address human trafficking proactively and on how national governments can support and empower them. A Seafish analysis of the TIP 2018 report shows fish or fishing is mentioned in association with forced labour in 49 countries (same as 2017, 51 in 2016). Countries that have been singled out specifically with regards to fishing include Cambodia, Fiji (moved down from Tier 2 Watch List to Tier 2), Ghana (up from Tier 2 Watch to Tier 2), Indonesia, South Korea, Laos (down from Tie 2 Watch to Tier 3), Papua New Guinea (down from Tier 2 Watch to Tier 3), Solomon Islands, Taiwan and Thailand (up from Tier 2 Watch to Tier 2).
Significance for seafood businesses:
This is one of the main reports that are published on an annual basis which monitor human rights abuses. This will help buyers assess their supply chain and make an informed judgement on the risks they face when sourcing seafood.