Whelk in Eastern Inshore Fisheries and Conservation Authority, whelk pots
- Content last updated
- 18 May 2016
- Eastern IFCA whelk (Buccinum undatum)
- Eastern Inshore Fisheries and Conservation Authority and EU
- Stock Status
The East IFCA whelk stocks have been scored a moderate risk. Although the status of the stock in relation to reference points is not known the minimum landing size has been raised to enable more whelks to reach maturity before capture thereby, reducing the risk of depletion of the spawning stock.
However, catches of larger vessels are increasing rapidly year on year so it may be that this measure may be insufficient; effort controls within the 6 mile limit have been implemented; also see management.
The management of whelks in the Eastern Inshore Fisheries Conservation Authority (IFCA) area has been scored a moderate risk. The minimum landing size has been increased and selectivity measures introduced in an effort to conserve spawning stock and some effort controls have been implemented to cap fishing effort within the 6 mile limit.
The bycatch risk of this fishery has been scored as low risk. Catch of protected, endangered and threatened species is minimal. “Ghost fishing” by lost pots is not considered to be a problem because once the bait us used up the pots cease to fish.
The habitat risk of this fishery has been scored as low risk. This is because evidence suggests fishery impact on the bottom is restricted to some abrasion caused by dragging pots and anchors during hauling and tide and wave action (Grieve et al., 2014). The static gear used to prosecute the fishery is in contact with the bottom, but unlikely to have significant interaction with vulnerable habitats. Vulnerable marine habitats are protected within Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic (OSPAR, 2013) and any kind of fishery there might be controlled if deemed necessary. References Grieve C, Brady D.C. and Polet H. (2014) Best practices for managing, measuring and mitigating the benthic impacts of fishing – Part 1. Marine Stewardship Council Science Series 2: 18 – 88. OSPAR, 2013. 2012 Status Report on the OSPAR Network of Marine Protected Areas. 65 pp. [http://www.ospar.org/ospar-data/p00618_2012_mpa_status%20report.pdf] [Date Accessed: 17-Dec-15]