Sockeye salmon, North Pacific, purse and beach seines, set and drift gill net

Oncorhynchus nerka
Content last updated
27 February 2019
Stock
Sockeye salmon stocks in the North Pacific
Management
Alaskan, Russian and Canadian managed nationally
Stock Status
2 of 5
Low risk
Management
1 of 5
Very low risk
Bycatch
3 of 5
Moderate risk
Habitat
1 of 5
Very low risk

Stock status

2 of 5
Low risk

Stocks of sockeye salmon have been scored a low risk. This is because most stocks are being fished sustainably and management measures are implemented to avoid fishing on stocks that are depleted.   There are a large number of stocks of sockeye salmon inhabiting numerous river catchments, the status of which is evaluated against ‘escapement goals’ that is, the number of adult fish required to escape the fisheries and survive to swim up river to spawn in order to sustain yields in individual river stocks (1). The status of the more important sockeye salmon stocks in Alaska, as assessed by management area, indicates that escapement goals have been met or exceeded in most years, 2005-2014 (2). A similar situation probably exists for other sockeye salmon-producing countries.   References

  1. North Pacific Anadromous Fish Commission. http://www.npafc.org/new/index.html
  2. Munro, A.R. & E.C. Volk (2014). Summary of Pacific salmon escapement goals in Alaska with a review of escapements from 2004 to 2013. ADF&G, Fishery Manuscript Series No. 14-01, Anchorage, Alaska.

Management

1 of 5
Very low risk

The management of sockeye salmon has been scored a zero risk. The status of salmon stocks is evaluated against escapement goals in terms of the number of adult fish required to survive to spawn in order to sustain yields in individual river stocks (1). The status of the more important sockeye salmon stocks in Alaska, for example, indicates that most escapement goals have been met or exceeded in most years, 2005-2014 (2). References

  1. North Pacific Anadromous Fish Commission. http://www.npafc.org/new/index.html

2. Munro, A.R. & E.C. Volk (2014). Summary of Pacific salmon escapement goals in Alaska with a review of escapements from 2004 to 2013. ADF&G, Fishery Manuscript Series No. 14-01, Anchorage, Alaska

Bycatch

3 of 5
Moderate risk

The bycatch risk for this fishery has been assessed as a moderate risk. This is because the main by catch in any one fishery is chiefly other species of Pacific salmon, which are closely monitored and managed, and a very low incidence of other non target species.

Habitat

1 of 5
Very low risk

The seabed effects of the fishery are scored a very low risk. Salmon fishing gear typically has little contact with the bottom substrate or causes relatively little damage when the gear hits soft bottom habitats.