Pink salmon, North Pacific, purse seine, drift and set gill nets, traps

Oncorhynchus gorbuscha
Content last updated
27 February 2019
Stock
Pink salmon stocks in the North Pacific
Management
Alaska, West coast USA, Canadian, Russian, Japanese managed nationally
Stock Status
2 of 5
Low risk
Management
1 of 5
Very low risk
Bycatch
3 of 5
Moderate risk
Habitat
2 of 5
Low risk

Stock status

2 of 5
Low risk

Stocks of pink salmon have been scored a low risk, this is because most stocks are being fished sustainably and management measures are implemented to avoid fishing on stocks that are depleted. There are a large number of stocks of pink salmon inhabiting numerous river catchments, the status of which is evaluated against ‘escapement goals’ that is, the number of adult fish required to escape the fisheries and survive to swim up river to spawn in order to sustain yields in individual river stocks (1). The status of the more important pink salmon stocks in Alaska, as assessed by management area, indicates that escapement goals have been met or exceeded in most years, 2005-2014 (2). A similar situation probably exists for other pink salmon-producing countries. 1. North Pacific Anadromous Fish Commission. http://www.npafc.org/new/index.html 2. Munro, A.R. & E.C. Volk (2014). Summary of Pacific salmon escapement goals in Alaska with a review of escapements from 2004 to 2013. ADF&G, Fishery Manuscript Series No. 14-01, Anchorage, Alaska

Management

1 of 5
Very low risk

The management of pink salmon has been scored a very low risk. The status of salmon stocks is evaluated against escapement goals in terms of the number of adult fish required to survive to spawn in order to sustain yields in individual river stocks (1). The status of the more important pink salmon stocks in Alaska, for example, indicates that escapement goals have been met or exceeded in most years, 2005-2014 (2). A similar situation probably exists for other pink salmon stocks.   1 North Pacific Anadromous Fish Commission. http://www.npafc.org/new/index.html 2 Munro, A.R. & E.C. Volk (2014). Summary of Pacific salmon escapement goals in Alaska with a review of escapements from 2004 to 2013. ADF&G, Fishery Manuscript Series No. 14-01, Anchorage, Alaska.

Bycatch

3 of 5
Moderate risk

The bycatch risk for this fishery has been assessed as a low/moderate risk. This is because the main by catch in any one fishery is chiefly other species of Pacific salmon, which are closely monitored and managed, and a very low incidence of other non target species.

Habitat

2 of 5
Low risk

The seabed effects of the fishery are scored a low risk. Salmon fishing gear typically has little contact with the bottom substrate or causes relatively little damage when the gear hits soft bottom habitats.