Atlantic Cod in the North-East Arctic (ICES subarea 1 and 2), Gillnets

Gadus morhua
Content last updated
22 March 2019
Stock
Cod in the North-East Arctic (ICES subareas 1 and 2)
Management
Russia and Norway
Stock Status
1 of 5
Very low risk
Management
1 of 5
Very low risk
Bycatch
4 of 5
High risk
Habitat
1 of 5
Very low risk

Stock status

1 of 5
Very low risk

Northeast Arctic Cod (ICES Subareas 1 and 2) has been scored a very low risk. This is because the stock is at safe levels and harvested optimally. The spawning stock biomass (SSB) has been above precautionary levels (above Bpa and MSYBtrigger) since 2002. The SSB reached a peak in 2013 and now shows a downward trend. Fishing mortality (F) was reduced from well above Flim (outside safe biological limits) in 1997 to below FMSY in 2008. It remained below FMSY until 2017 when it became equal to FMSY. There has been no strong recruitment since the 2004 and 2005 year classes.

Management

1 of 5
Very low risk

Northeast Arctic Cod in ICES Subareas 1 and 2 has been scored a very low risk. This is because scientific stock assessment is carried out regularly based both on fishery dependent and independent data and there is management plan for the stock. There is also adequate enforcement of fishery control rules by Norway and Russia regulated by agreement through the Joint Russian–Norwegian Fisheries Commission (JR-NFC). Catches are in line with the current JN-RFC managment plan which is considered precautionary by ICES.

It should also be noted that bycatches of golden redfish and Norwegian coastal cod remain above sustainable catch limits in the fisheries targeting NE Arctic cod; see bycatch heading.

Bycatch

4 of 5
High risk

The bycatch in gill net fisheries on Northeast Arctic Cod in ICES Subareas I and II has been scored a high risk.  This is because there are bycatches of golden redfish (Sebastes norvegicus), which is outside safe biological limits and Norwegian coastal cod which is a low level. Surveys have been initiated into seabird and mammal mortality.  

Habitat

1 of 5
Very low risk

The habitat impact of the gillnet cod fishery has been scored a very low risk. This is because habitat impact is limited and is due mostly to that from anchors of anchored gillnets. There is a system of designated marine protected areas in proximity to which fishery is prohibited, and there is adequate enforcement.