Climate Change - Greenhouse Gas Emissions

In recent times, concerns have been expressed in the media and in some NGO campaigns around issues such as food miles and wider Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions impacts. In addition, severe economic conditions and uncertainties in the energy sector have highlighted the need for greater efficiency in seafood supply chains.

In response to these issues, Seafish has worked with industry and other partners to gain a better understanding of Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions in seafood, and identify hotspots in key seafood systems in order to guide future industry action.

Understanding seafood systems
We have documents available which look at the impact of Seafood systems, including a briefing paper which looks at GHG emissions associated with seafood and a review of life cycle assessment research on products derived from fisheries and aquaculture. These documents are available to download from the Further info section of this page.

Understanding hotspots in your seafood chain
We have also developed a number of web tools to help industry explore the GHG aspects of seafood products from capture fisheries.  A simple profiling tool is available for industry to produce an indicative GHG profile for seafood products. In addition we have developed a more detailed profiling tool that follows guidelines set out in published assessment standard BSI PAS2050-2. A link to the profiling tools is available in the Further info section at the right of this page.

Industry group on GHG emissions in seafood
We currently facilitate an industry group that meets twice per year to advance our work in GHG emissions. This group comprises some ten organisations from the processing, retail, and NGO sectors and reports to a wider network of over 20 organisations with an interest in the issue.

Collective action on GHG emissions in seafood
We have also collaborated with international partners on GHG emissions in seafood to resolve GHG emissions issues. This has led to an outline framework for collective action as a means of addressing and potentially resolving some of these issues. This framework for action aims to work towards common positions on GHG emissions methodologies, common standards where possible, shared understanding of seafood production systems, and platforms for sharing emissions related data.


Dr Angus Garrett
Head of Horizon Scanning and Long Term Issues 
t: 0131 524 8697