Mytilus Edulis Mussel farming extends across temperate and tropical regions in inshore environments, as well as in deeper, offshore waters.
Two main types of culture are carried out - seabed culture and suspended culture. No supplementary feed is provided, and no medicines or chemicals are administered during grow-out. The industry is still reliant on the collection of wild mussel seed (called ‘spat’) for on-growing.
Global production in 2016 equated to some two million tonnes. China produced almost half of this volume, whilst other important producing countries included Chile and Spain.
Sources, Quantities and Cultivation Methods
Governance and Outlook