There will be specific onshore impacts of the landing obligation for ports, and potentially the supply chain as a whole.
The introduction of the landing obligation is a 'game changer'. The move from 'landing quota' to 'catch quota' has the potential for significant impacts on operations throughout the 'sea-to-plate' supply chain. The capacity of all parts of the onshore supply chain (both human and non-human consumption) to land, store, process, transport, administrate and market is not fully understood. The scope of potential impacts needs to be developed to provide an opportunity for informed discussion between all supply chain partners to identify information gaps and opportunities to develop solutions. Discussions have been going on with respect to the onshore impacts of the landing obligation and where different responsibilities lie and the guidance below is the result of these discussions.
Fishermen will need to land undersize fish of quota species under the landing obligation, which is being phased in from 2015 to 2019. In the first year of the demersal landing obligation, from 1 January 2016, it is not anticipated that there will be significant volumes to deal with as, only a few species will need to be landed, and there are some exemptions in place. In practice, there should not be more than one or two species of undersize fish for each vessel to handle.
The reformed CFP specifies that undersize fish cannot go to direct human consumption uses. It can go to indirect human consumption or non-human consumption uses. There is more information on gov.uk that outlines when food hygiene rules apply and when Animal By-Products (ABP) rules apply. This guidance can be used alongside the information from Defra below on the potential uses for undersize fish and how the industry might want to approach handling it - this will be particularly relevant for ports, markets, agents and other businesses handling fish.
Defra has convened an onshore task force to look at the specific onshore management issues facing ports (including storage, transportation of unwanted fish, access to markets) and to examine solutions in greater detail.
A number of documents and guidance notes have been produced. The links below provide more information.
- Defra: Handling undersize fish under the landing obligation. November 2015
- Defra: Guidance for ports, markets, agents and other businesses. October 2015. Including how food hygiene and Animal By Products (ABP) rules apply to undersize fish.
- Defra: Guide for fishermen re the onshore handling of undersize fish. December 2015
Current Seafish activities
- Potential Implications of the Landing Obligation on Onshore Seafood Supply Chains in the UK. December 2015
- Seafish Strategic Intentions Survey to investigate the impact of the landing obligation on demersal and nephrops vessel owners' strategic intentions for their businesses.
Seafish briefing notes cand previous studies/reports can
be found below. For further information contact Karen