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Sardine, ICES Sub Area VII, purse seine

fish

Sardina pilchardus

Content last updated
28th Jan 2016

Stock:
Sardine in ICES sub area VII

Management:
IFCA (Inshore Fisheries & Conservation Authority)

Overview

Sardine (Sardina pilchardus) is a pelagic schooling species found at depths of 25-55m by day and closer to the surface at night. It feeds mainly on plankton but can be cannibalistic through the consumption of its own eggs. Sardine is considered an important forage fish for a range of fish and mammal species, which take advantage of its schooling behaviour and availability.

 

As one of the most abundant small pelagic forage species in western Iberian waters, Sardine (Sardina pilchardus) is a pelagic schooling species found at depths of 25-55m by day and closer to the surface at night. It feeds mainly on plankton but can be cannibalistic through the consumption of its own eggs. Sardine is considered an important forage fish for a range of fish and mammal species, which take advantage of its schooling behaviour and availability.

 

As one of the most abundant small pelagic forage species in western Iberian waters, sardine may exert bottom-up and top-down control on predators and prey respectively. Sardine in ICES sub area VII is likely to be part of a meta-population that includes sardine in Iberian waters and the Bay of Biscay.

 

Sardine is targeted by purse-seines in mixed fisheries that also target anchovy, mackerel and horse mackerel, with a higher proportion of catch taken in the second half of the year. Major landings of sardine occur in the Bay of Biscay (VIIIa, b, d), followed by the English Channel (VIId, e, h). Catches of sardine in the rest of Subarea VII (Celtic Seas) are very low. Fleets and catches in Subarea VII are very variable and are mainly of an opportunistic nature; however there is a well established sardine fishery in Cornwall.

Stock Status

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Bay of Biscay and Celtic Seas sardine has been scored moderate risk. This is because the stock has a moderate vulnerability score of 36/100 (FishBase, 2014), and biomass indices show the stock to be around the long term average.

 

Bay of Biscay and Celtic Seas sardine has been scored moderate risk. This is because the stock has a moderate vulnerability score of 36/100 (FishBase, 2014), and biomass indices show the stock to be around the long term average.

 

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Management

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The management of sardine in Divisions VIIIa, b, d and Subarea VII has scored a moderate risk. This is because management are routinely enforced and independently verified through surveillance.  However, management advice is based on data from Division VIII which is applied to area VII.  The stock status relative to possible reference points is unknown. There is no TAC to limit the sardine uptake in the area.  There is no international management of this stock, the fisheries appear to be regulated by market price.

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Bycatch

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The bycatch risk of this fishery has been scored a high risk. This is because purse seines have the potential to capture marine mammals, birds and turtles and no bycatch reduction program is reported for this fishery. However, bycatch of non-target species is thought to be low.

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Habitat

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The habitat risk of this fishery has been scored a very low risk. This is because there is little to no impact of the gear on the seabed.

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Outlook

Outlook

Current risk status Outlook Reason
Stock Moderate Stable This is because the stock has a moderate vulnerability score and the assessment is data limited. Biomass indices shows the status of the stock is around the long-term average.
Management Moderate Stable This is because there is no TAC to limit the uptake and, no specific management objectives are in place. The stock is perceived to be harvested sustainably.
Bycatch High Stable Purse seines have the potential to capture marine mammals, birds and turtles and no bycatch reduction program is reported for this fishery.
Habitat Very low Stable There is little to no impact of the gear on the seabed.

Type Current Risk Status Outlook Reason

Stock

Management

Bycatch

Habitat

Nutritional Information

 
Energy
134 (kcal)
7%*
 
Fat
6.1 (g)
9%*
 
Saturates
1.8 (g)
9%*
LOW
Sugar
0 (g)
0%*
 
Salt
0.34 (g)
6%*

*per 100 g

Nutrition information per 100g raw product

Rich in Omega-3 | Protein | Niacin | Vitamin B12 | Vitamin D | Phosphorus | Selenium | Iodine

Good Source Of Riboflavin | Vitamin B6 | Biotin | Potassium

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